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A filmmaker's meditation on love, motherhood and communism in Bulgaria. Playfully epic…often surreal…impressively shot. You decide!

Narrative, 2014, 1h 55min., HD, color, some nudity. Bulgarian with English subtitles. Directed by Maya Vitkova. Co-production between Bulgaria and Romania. Curated by ARCS.


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"I saw a film that made me want to do what I am doing now when I was 12. I’ve been seeing hundreds of films until I turned 18. That gave me self-esteem – following my dream has been giving me strength and confidence." - Maya Vitkova, director
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Bulgaria accepts communism as the official governing system.
The communist regime ends.
The director has a life changing experience.
The film premiers at Sundance.


Katie Kilkenny, indiewire

“Viktoria envisions an entirely new grammar for female body functions onscreen as it bares all… uses an unusually humorous approach to portray a real maverick character on film, the reluctant mother…Viktoria has no interest in normalizing its unrepentant mother and traumatized daughter with a tidy denouement, nor does it cue a familiar audience reaction.

Whatever strange comedy we find in the image of an unwanted child innocuously floating in the womb is our own. This makes Viktoria an active and ambiguous moving picture experience, one that keeps us on the edge of our seats…from an attempt at understanding this character and our reactions to her…

Viktoria does not seek to conquer its radical character, nor the audience. Its appeal lies [in] how its impressionistic experience stretches the boundaries of empathy for an unusual female figure."

Boyd van Hoeij, Hollywood Reporter

“Striking…The general tone is one of hushed poetry and quiet drollness with an occasionally absurdist edge. Crucially, the film doesn't want to be funny simply to avoid being constantly bleak; quite the contrary is true, as humor is used to highlight the very points Vitkova is trying to make...

The understated acting of the ensemble is matched by its austere and precise assembly on the technical side… Beautifully composed, diffusely lit cinematography…”

Mark Adams, Screen Daily

"Playfully epic…often surreal…impressively shot… a fascinating glimpse into the country’s transition from communist days through to a brave new world…Maya Vitkova certainly makes a great impact with her first film. She is a talent to watch.

"Viktoria" is a bold and ambitious attempt to distill several decades of Bulgarian change and upheaval set against her plot’s often surreal structure, and there are moments when she really pulls off great visuals and strong ideas…always challenging and intriguing.”

“Acerbic and absurdist in equal measure, the film forges a powerful metaphorical link between the physical body and the body politic.” – Emma Myers, Indiewire
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25 Cities & 3 Countries

Interview by Filmmaker Magazine Staff with Maya Vitkova.

Attention, our audience’s and our own — it’s a valued commodity these days. We struggle to command our audience’s attention, for them to discover our work and then, once they’ve discovered it, to actually focus on it. Meanwhile, we struggle to focus our own attention, to fight our society’s weapons of mass distraction so we can not just see our work to completion but fully discover the meanings within it. What role does attention play in your work?

Can you discuss an instance where you thought about some aspect of attention when it came to your film?

While working on Viktoria’s script, I thought that attracting attention is crucially important for successful presentation and a step closer to realizing the film. The early stage selections of the project — the Script & Pitch Workshops, the Balkan Fund, the Berlinale Talent ProjectMarket, the NIPKOW Programm, EKRAN Programme of Andrzej Wajda’s Master School of Film Directing and others – quickly attracted attention to Viktoria, but that slowed down the realization of the film.

People were pointing out that the project is innovative and appealing, but also very ambitious for a first-time director due to the complexity of the story, the long research and preparation needs, the difficult production (child actors, tough locations, special make-up, etc.), the CGI shots and so on. Everything was leading to securing a substantial European budget in order to make the film. I’ve found myself caught into Catch-22 – on one hand people expected me to be experienced in order to make an ambitious debut feature (and help securing the budget), on the other I was not experienced as that was my first feature. Attracting attention at the beginning made the journey longer...

I never lacked attention in my life. I had to change a few primary / secondary schools because I was wild at heart (please see the character Viktoria while she’s on top – untouchable), although having excellent marks. I didn’t let anyone tell me what to do – there were no authority figures. I started reading classic literature when I was 10. I saw a film that made me want to do what I am doing now when I was 12. I’ve been seeing hundreds of films until I turned 18. That all gave me self-esteem – following my dream has been giving me strength and confidence.

When I was 18 I was accepted into the National academy for theatre and film arts and there freely expressed my mind, was always opinionated, fighting for what I believed in (attracting attention again) until 6 September 1997, when I fell into a 3-metre hole. After a few months at the hospital, at home, I started coming to my senses, but my world has changed(please see Viktoria when this happens to her). While doing Viktoria, I’ve been thinking about it – telling a personal and honest story made the question of attention highly important for building up the plot and developing Viktoria’s character.

When I started working independently (producing along with directing), I began considering attention differently. I required my colleagues to keep everything related to the film entirely confidential during the research, preproduction, shooting and postproduction phases. Usually the first day of production in Bulgaria (I suppose everywhere else) is used for promoting the film throughout TV and newspaper media. Film industry professionals and representatives of cultural and financial institutions are invited to celebrate it with the crew over a glass of champagne after the first shot, but not in Viktoria’s case. We didn’t drink champagne after the first shot, but after the last one. I consider it a wise decision.

Viktoria has been very important to me ever since the moment the story was born into my mind and heart, not only because I wanted to express myself as a debut filmmaker but since the shooting day of a film main subject of the film has been and still is crucial for me – you cannot start your life until you learn to love and no attention would ever replace love (in that case parental), even if millions adore you.

Viktoria is dedicated to my mother and if some viewers give a call to their own mothers after seeing this film, I will know that we did well.

from village to steel

"You cannot start your life until you learn to love."
- Maya Vitkova, director
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